By using our site, you agree to our. Ideally, do it twice a year: once early in the season to promote higher-quality peppers or a greater yield, and again late in the season to encourage the plant to put most of its energy into producing bigger peppers. Steve Masley. Find a sharp knife or scissors, 70 percent isopropyl alcohol and some rubber gloves. Different types of pepper plants can produce a wide variety of different kinds of peppers but, in general, these plants require relatively similar basic care. Gloves are especially useful when pruning and harvesting your peppers late in the season, as they can protect your hands against accidental capsaicin exposure. These leaves can also provide shade for incoming fruit. Keep a close eye on your plants. … Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 149,039 times. According to Old World Garden Farms, focus on cutting the lower stems, as those can drop down and touch the soil, acting as a vector for disease. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. [1] That said, don't completely avoid the top part of the plants; otherwise, they could get too top heavy. Plant now 3, "I was looking for info on growing and overwintering chilis. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. 19 June 2019. Expert Interview. By the mid-to-late growing season, the stem structure should be fairly strong, and leaving additional leaves allows the plant to best use increasing levels of light. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. The peppers contain capsaicin, which can get on your hands and irritate them. In 2007 and 2008, Steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Jalapeno plants yield a fruit that is a few inches long and usually a deep green. You don’t need to do it often. The protein in the milk solution can deactivate viruses and bacteria that might otherwise spread between your different plants. According to Britannica, the chili pepper category is made up of several cultivars of plants in the nightshade family. Disinfect your cutting tool with rubbing alcohol to avoid spreading diseases to the plants when you cut into them. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. The best place to cut is right after the leaf node on a stem or, alternatively, as close to the stem as possible without harming it. You can avoid accidentally stunting the stem by allowing lateral shoots and branches to grow to between a 1cm-2cm before pruning them. Gloves can reduce the strain, wear, and tear on your hands from using a pruning tool. This article was co-authored by Steve Masley. For more help from our Horticultural co-author, like how to trim your pepper plant before the first frost, scroll down. Steve MasleyHome & Garden Specialist Doug Johnson is a Canadian writer, editor and journalist. Thus, it is suggested to prune your plants early in the season to produce bigger, healthier fruits. In trying to pull peppers off the plant by hand, you may inadvertently pull off entire branches as well. Home & Garden Specialist. Mostly, this won't be an issue, but if you are working with plants that have some small fruit growth on them, it's a consideration. If you prune by hand, dip your fingers into a solution of powdered milk and water when moving between plants. % of people told us that this article helped them. Cut 3mm-4mm above a notch or bud when pruning. This is far enough away from the bud that it should not be damaged when pruning. When pruning mature pepper plants, avoid injuring the main stem. Nothing on overwintering, but excellent info on growing. With Video, University of Illinois Extension: Peppers, The Best Times to Prune Pineapples & Guavas. Whether pruning mature pepper plants or relatively young ones, pruning has many benefits. The seeds and the pithy inside ribs of the fruit contain capsaicin, the primary compound that gives the fruits their heat. References In this case, 83% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Approved. Pruners typically come in two types – ‘bypass’ and ‘anvil.’ Bypass pruners are best for making cuts that may affect the health of the plant, and feature a sharp blade that sweeps past the pruner’s lower jaw. This ensures that you know what you’re cutting off. Last Updated: November 17, 2020 X Expert Source Also, put on your plastic gloves. Prune away the infected leaves and remove them from the garden to prevent further infection. As your plant matures, look for smaller stems that grow in toward the center of the plant and cut them off beneath the lowest node on each stem. Pinch the plant at the desired point between your finger and your thumbnail until you feel the stem break. The center stem of most pepper plants will likely look like a ‘Y’ when the plant is this tall. Be careful not to prune out a central stem’s growing point if you want that stem to grow out further. If you are trimming to remove dead or diseased parts of the plant, take note of the plants that you are going to cut. Most of what you will need to prune pepper plants is available in the house. Symptoms of overwatering include wilted leaves and black spots on the leaves and stems. Avoid getting water directly on the leaves, which can cause rot. Pepper plants produce delicious and often spicy vegetables, called peppers, which are cultivated all around the world. Trimming instructions for peppers very helpful. If you rub your eye after touching peppers, it can hurt a great deal. Take your cutting implement and carefully remove the identified parts of the plants. Pruning and trimming, which is basically just removing parts of the plants, is easy and can be quite beneficial. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You may need to prune your pepper plant to remove unhealthy foliage and help the healthy peppers grow. For more help from our Horticultural co-author, like how to trim your pepper plant before the first frost, scroll down. "First time I grew box of cubannele peppers and tomato. Use pruning shears to remove thicker portions of the plant if you can't pinch them off. According to Oklahoma State University Extension, pruning has numerous advantages including plant health, higher plant density, increasing fruiting and flowering, controlling the plant size and removing damaged parts of a plant. 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