If you used software tools then you will have to say what these were and why you chose to use these particular ones. What questions did you ask and how have these contributed towards answering your research question or how did these test your hypothesis which formed the basis of your research? Give full details of the tools, techniques and procedures you used to conduct the experiment. date range)? What was the sample size and response rate? What’s the difference between quantitative and qualitative methods? Existing data Explain the choice of age group and ethnicity of your respondents. Describe where, when and how the interviews were conducted. Ok, that being said.. How to Structure a Dissertation: Chapters & Subchapters, 4. If you're unsure, though, it's best to check with your supervisor. To write a research methodology, start with a section that outlines the problems or questions you'll be studying, including your hypotheses or whatever it is you're setting out to prove. Because not all surveys were fully completed, 371 survey results were included in the analysis. This development and understanding of knowledge depend on certain assumptions based on our perspective of the world, i.e. Lab-based experiments can’t always accurately simulate real-life situations and behaviours, but they are effective for testing causal relationships between variables. One interviewee preferred not to be filmed. Methodology – Focuses on the research methods used within your research. Throughout the section, relate your choices back to the central purpose of your dissertation. What’s the difference between method and methodology? Existing data Thank you, Should we be using first person for this part? For example, if you were sampling texts, or have a lot of qualitative data are you using semiotics analysis, discourse analysis and so on. You don’t however have to explain the methodological approaches that you could have used. How to Structure the Methodology Chapter? It is actually better to write this at the start of your research, so that it can be changed if your methods are not producing the results you need. However as this is not usually how dissertations are written- they are written in hindsight, then you will have to be honest about the flaws in the design. In a quantitative experimental study, you might aim to produce generalisable knowledge about the causes of a phenomenon. You will set out the research paradigm here. The data was then analysed using statistical software SPSS. What are the criteria for validity and rigorousness in this type of research? Outline the tools, procedures and materials you used to gather data, and the criteria you used to select participants or sources. In the methods section you might include: Before analysis the gathered data was prepared. It depends on the discipline, but most fields nowadays tend to accept the use of first-person pronouns, especially in the methodology section. It should include: The methodology section should generally be written in the past tense. The survey consisted of 5 multiple-choice questions and 10 questions that the respondents had to answer with a 7-point Lickert scale. What group or community did you observe and how did you gain access to them? By looking at broad areas of interest, you are aiming to generate theories about the area you are investigating. Each theme was analysed to gain a deeper understanding of participants’ perceptions and motivations. Uses deductive reasoning, empirical evidence and hypothesis testing, Quantitative data, surveys based on scientific methods, larger sample sets, numeric, The world is objective and independent of our subjective experience, The world is knowable, and this knowledge is communicable between agents. The methodology section should clearly show why your methods suit your objectives and convince the reader that you chose the best possible approach to answering your problem statement and research questions. Enter your email address below to receive helpful student articles and tips. Remember that your aim is not just to describe your methods, but to show how and why you applied them and to demonstrate that your research was rigorously conducted. The Steps involved in writing a Dissertation. (ID: 2), How to write a methodology (2018) ~ Dissertation Help. What criteria did you use to select material (e.g. Developing your methodology involves studying the research methods used in your field and the theories or principles that underpin them, in order to choose the approach that best matches your objectives. Your methodology can be strengthened by reference to existing research in the field, either to: Consider how much information you need to give, and don’t go into unnecessary detail. On one hand, the researcher may focus on product quality pr…