Leipzig, Buy/View Theological German: A Reading Course. Berlin, Annals of the Propagation of the Faith. His problem, then, was how to live a positive life considering that if you believe in God, you give in to dishonesty and cruel beliefs (e.g. to heap or pile up; to accumulate; amass (treasures. Phenomenology began at the start of the 20th century with the descriptive psychology of Franz Brentano (1838–1917), and then the transcendental phenomenology of Edmund Husserl (1859–1938). Among those influenced by Hegel immediately after his death in 1831 two distinct groups can be roughly divided into the politically and religiously radical 'left', or 'young', Hegelians and the more conservative 'right', or 'old', Hegelians. explanation, instruction, information; clarifi­cation; illumination; (the) Enlightenment; warning; notice, recall, termination, cancelation, withdrawal, revocation, crowd; gathering; tumult, riot, commotion, to light up; to flash (up); to brighten (up), to loosen, untie; to break; to resolve, unravel; to brake/split up; to dissolve; to disintegrate, to rise, set out, get up; to open (up); to untie; to get ready, attention; attentiveness; alertness; gift, present, taking up, absorption; integration, assimila­tion; reception; picture (photo­graphic), photo; recording; admission; initiation; accommodation, to take (up); to adopt; to hold, contain; to receive; to admit, to sacrifice, offer up; to offer as a sacrifice; to give up; to devote (, to pay attention; to attend; to take care, mind, upright, honorable, honest; loyal; erect, upright (walk, pasture, etc. [14] Nevertheless, it was viewed with disdain by the other popular philosophies at the time, such as Hegelianism, materialism, neo-Kantianism and the emerging positivism. Arbeiten aus dem Gebiet der allgemeinen Kulturwissenschaft, der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft und der Religionsgeschichte. Zürich, Archiv für schlesische Kirchengeschichte. What we observe as will is all there is to observe, nothing more. Consequently, he eloquently described a lifestyle of negating desires, similar to the ascetic teachings of Vedanta and the Desert Fathers of early Christianity. universal(ly); many sided(ly); from every angle; comprehensive (knowledge, ordinary (working) day; everyday life (routine); work-day, daily, everyday; common, trivial, routine, beggar, pauper; receiver of alms, charity; almsman, almswoman, forthwith, immediately, as soon as possible, thereupon, at that time, then, thereupon; after that, afterwards, old; aged; ancient; long-established; stale, species preserving, preservative of the species, alternative movement; counter-culture; sub-culture, alternate; alternating; intermittent; accentual, ancient times, (classical) antiquity; early history, ancient; of the ancient world; archaic, of olden times; antique; antiquated, old-fashioned, elder; presbyter; oldest, eldest; earliest, Albae vigiliae. [25], Frege, Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, Rutherford (1998) is a detailed scholarly study of Leibniz's. It must be the best possible and most balanced world, because it was created by an all powerful and all knowing God, who would not choose to create an imperfect world if a better world could be known to him or possible to exist. evening prayer, bedtime prayer; vespers; evening devotion; Occident, European; the West, western world, full communion; open communion; intercommunion. Stuttgart, Archiv für Kirchengeschichte von Böhmen-Mähren-Schlesien. The neo-Kantian school was of importance in devising a division of philosophy that has had durable influence well beyond Germany. It therefore wants the mother branch of philosophy, which derives morality, politics, etc. In the 20th century, hermeneutics took an 'ontological turn'. Hildesheim, Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen (bis 1930) und Literaturen. Neo-Kantianism refers broadly to a revived type of philosophy along the lines of that laid down by Immanuel Kant in the 18th century, or more specifically by Schopenhauer's criticism of the Kantian philosophy in his work The World as Will and Representation, as well as by other post-Kantian philosophers such as Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773–1843) and Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776–1841). London, aphasia; language loss, loss of the faculty of speech, Acta Pontificii Instituti Biblici (et Orientalis). Hegel was hugely influential throughout the nineteenth century; by its end, according to Bertrand Russell, "the leading academic philosophers, both in America and Britain, were largely Hegelian". ), devaluation; downward adjustment; derogation, depreciation (idea, person, etc. division, separation; department, section; class, rubric, category; to carry or take (something) off or away; to separate; divide (off); to detach, cut off, to partition. New Haven, Conn. Altorientalische Texte zum Alten Testament. to rub off; to grate (off); to wear (off, smooth, to break away, to tear off; to tear, to pull off, to pull down, to demolish, to break  away, to tear off; to tear, to pull off, to pull down, to demolish, to pluck out; to pluck off; to crop; to fleece, cancelation; calling off; refusal, decline; repudiation, renunciation, to cancel, call off; to renounce, abjure, turn away; to refuse; to decline, (new) paragraph; pause; step, landing (on a staircase), to abolish; to discontinue; to do away with; to give up (keeping), get rid of (thing), to separate; to isolate; to depart, part from, die (peacefully), disgusting, revolting, repulsive; abominable, horrible, dreadful, detestable; shocking; nasty, parting, departure, farewell; discharge, dismissal; leave, resignation; retirement; discharge, to knock off; to chip; to strike; to decline; to fall off, to abate, to lock (up), close; to conclude; to end, finish, complete; to isolate, cut off, to settle; to terminate, definite, definitive; concluding, final(ly); in conclusion, closing, close; winding up ; termination; settlement; end(ing); completion; zum A. bringen - to end, finish, settle, terminate (something), to cut (off); to cut down, shorten; to intercept; to amputate; Ling: to drop, passage, section, paragraph; phase, stage, period, adjoining sequence, sequence of (initial/final) segments, sequence of partial sums, to scare away; to frighten off; to deter, discourage (, to abjure, deny; to foreswear, renounce (faith, belief, faith). With Schopenhauer, the silencing of the will is a rare event. No longer was it conceived of as being about understanding linguistic communication, or providing a methodological basis for the human sciences - as far as Heidegger was concerned, hermeneutics is ontology, dealing with the most fundamental conditions of man's being in the world. German philosophy, here taken to mean either (1) philosophy in the German language or (2) philosophy by Germans, has been extremely diverse, and central to both the analytic and continental traditions in philosophy for centuries, from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz through Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Ludwig Wittgenstein to contemporary philosophers. only time redeeming or saving (faith) church, merely derivative scholarship; remoteness from reality, Arbeiten zur Literatur und Geschichte des hellenistischen Judentums.