It consists of a methyl group attached to a carboxyl group. Formic acid skin burns resulting in systemic toxicity. Chan TC(1), Williams SR, Clark RF. Minor acid burns can often be effectively treated at home 2. Systemic toxicity developed in a 3-year-old girl burned by formic acid over 35% of her total body surface area. Formic acid is dangerously irritating to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes and may also be toxic to the kidneys. It is somewhat 39 soluble in hydrocarbons and most organic solvents, and forms a homogenous mixture (miscible) with 40 water. AMINIC ACID, FORMIC ACID, FORMYLIC ACID, HYDROGEN CARBOXYLIC ACID, and METHANOIC ACID 3: Signal Word: Danger: Pictograms: GHS02 GHS05 GHS06 GHS07: Hazards: H226 Flammable liquid and vapour. Workers exposed to formic acid in a textile plant complained of nausea at an average formic acid concentration of 15 ppm [NLM 1992]. Immediately treat affected areas with copious amounts of water. Formic Acid Livestock June 1, 2011 Compiled by ICF International for the USDA National Organic Program Page 1 of 12 1 2 ... 38 tissue and is known to irritate the mucous membranes and blister the skin (NOAA, 2011). Formic acid has a large heat of solution; the combined heat of neutralization and dilution will lead to thermal burns. H331 Toxic if inhaled. No smoking. Both positive and negative results were noted in various mutagenicity studies (acidic experimental conditions were indicated in most cases of positive mutagenicity). Acid burns frequently occur in the home or at work 2. Page 1 of 7 Formic Acid 64 -18 6 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SDS/MSDS. Contact with the skin will cause immediate blistering. Skin Corr. It is important to treat acid burns correctly because otherwise, the chemicals can continue to damage the skin after the first contact, explains the Merck Manual. Precautions: P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. Use restrictions (low), Non-reproductive organ system toxicity (moderate), and Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs) (low) fragrance ingredient, ph adjuster, and preservative. H302 Harmful if swallowed. P233 Keep container tightly closed. Author information: (1)Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Diego, USA. Like most caustic chemicals, when acids contact the skin, they cause damage in the form of a burn. 2.2 Label elements Labelling according Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 Pictogram Signal word Danger Hazard statement(s) H226 Flammable liquid and vapour. Skin corrosion (Category 1A), H314 For the full text of the H-Statements mentioned in this Section, see Section 16. 1A Acute Tox. H302 Harmful if swallowed. P240 Ground and … It is classified as a weak acid since it only partially dissociates in solution, but concentrated acetic acid is corrosive and can attack the skin. Formic Acid is an organic acid. The available data suggested that Formic Acid was an ocular and skin irritant and can be especially irritating to lung tissue. Do not use dilute base solutions as a first treatment. H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Acetic acid is the second simplest carboxylic acid (after formic acid).