1 0 obj water fluoride concentration in Ohio is controlled by the dissolution of fluorite (CaF 2), elevated concentrations of Ca can limit the dissolution of fluorite. �+"۟w�ݢ,J�*��.�U�=��!�Ӆ�T'e��iY��.n����"�VN�YS��dxmͣV���6���B�jf�Q��w�ю�����b���э�8�"��'�D���Vq���d@C��~�����I��CdZS}��i-*0�"��tS2V2w�bĮb����n��>鐷�^�\�/����^��}�����Dv <> The following data comes from EPA’s Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). The simplest way to test for fluoride in water is to test it with a strip fluoride testing kit. <> <> As a result, a fetus can be harmed by fluoride ingested pregnancy. BOSTON-August 15, 2006-The Harvard Medical School and School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) review of Chester Douglass, DMD, PhD, professor of oral health policy and epidemiology at HSDM, has concluded that Douglass did not intentionally omit, misrepresent, "We believe that EPA staff and managers should be called to testify, along with members of the 1983 Surgeon Generals panel and officials of the Department of Human Services, to explain how the original recommendations of the Surgeon Generals panel were altered to allow EPA to set otherwise unjustifiable drinking water standards for fluoride.". Ohio COMMUNITIES THAT HAVE REJECTED FLUORIDATION: OHIO WATER SYSTEMS WITH HIGH FLUORIDE LEVELS: In 2008, Ohio ranked #1 out of 48 states for Hydrogen Fluoride releases (9,115,568 pounds) into the environment. Ohio placed a time limit of 240 days on the period during which a referendum concerning fluoridation could be held. The regulation of fluoride in Oh io’s public water systems is f ound in both the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) and the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC). 6 0 obj 5KM�g\�E�LI�=9�l�˽�� �M`��F��Ɍ���[y���ܣ�$�Ŀ�L5��5�(�n�1�§�6�}|��6"i@�mF���,uu�뱙��� #�1o �&Am��"���A����~QZR%SnC�n�M������4��ӭun�%T�R%�U�e�$�Թ/��G���6b9F��[�u��t�)���3�n�:E%��8���,���ᯕߴ�� E�dI� �i�Bci�s��a:Ϩ��K�G�|�%�K*O������u2Y%#�e\��m3�ԍ 7 0 obj April, 2000 Only 16 samples had fluoride contents exceeding 1 mg/1, and all are from the southern trio of counties. And there are studies which link fluoride to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. When the practice of fluoridating local water was introduced about 50 years ago, there were few other ways that Americans received fluoride in their diets, according to EC member Vickie Hennessy. Of these investigations, 67 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or, The human placenta does not prevent the passage of fluoride from a pregnant mother's bloodstream to the fetus. x��V�N�@}���Ǥ�7;{�E" *U*%UB0iZpTZ���]��KT������g��������>�.���G���?q�;��0_�΄�t5����8�i��� 4 0 obj Sign up for our free newsletter for updates on the latest fluoride developments. Teaching. <> If you live in OH and want to get the fluoride out of your water contact David Augustine, FAN’s Ohio state coordinator. ORC 6109.20 requires systems serving a population > 5,000 (unless exempted fr om the law) with natur al fluoride <0.8 mg/L to add fluoride to maintain concentrations in the range of 0.8 mg/L to 1.3 mg/L. <> <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Fluoride contents range from <0.05 to 5.9 milligrams per liter (mg/1) based upon 255 water samples collected from wells in nine counties of northeastern Ohio. To see an updated list of Ohio’s professionals calling for an end to fluoridation. Professional Perspectives on Water Fluoridation, [caption id="attachment_10205" align="alignleft" width="190"] Paul Connett, PhD[/caption] Figure 3. You can test your water by dipping a test strip into your drinking water for a few seconds. %���� endobj Much of the fluorite (CaF It’s important to note, however, that not all industries or sources that release fluoride into the environment are included in the TRI. Soils in British Columbia have not been systematically surveyed and analyzed for fluoride and little is known of the available fluoride concentrations. 10 0 obj endobj Cleveland Water began feeding fluoride into drinking water in 1956, but an Ohio law governing fluoridation (the process of adding fluoride to our drinking water) in public water supplies was enacted in the early 1970s to meet public health needs. [caption id="attachment_10211" align="alignleft" width="150"] Dr. Hardy, Introduction ���/���"���0���-�˧���q=}̊U���)5'��:~��Y��K\펜I6��/�-��7�2o�֤lK?��� �]�9OSO���/�������_�N��wN��ݕ����B�ȃc��M�{G�~��ㄠ3�?���-�Tn:� Most ground waters in Ohio naturally contain less than one milligram per liter (mg/L) of fluoride (1 mg/L is 1 part per million; or one cent in a million pennies). A number of human activities can also increase fluoride concentrations in soil and water, including glass, steel, and phosphate fertilizer production. stream <> $.' ���� JFIF ` ` �� C Currently, the optimum recommended level of fluoride in drinking water in Ohio to prevent tooth decay is 1.0 part per million (ppm) or 1.0 mg/L. endobj It started at a time when Asbestos lined our pipes, lead was added to gasoline, PCBs filled our transformers and DDT was deemed so "safe and effective" that officials felt no qualms spraying kids in school classrooms, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iF-hKlIgCuM Nationally, the recommended optimum level of fluoride in drinking water has been a range of 0.7-1.2 ppm and in Ohio the recommended range has been 0.8-1.3 ppm. Fluoride contents range from <0.05 to 5.9 milligrams per liter (mg/1) based upon 255 water samples collected from wells in nine counties of northeastern Ohio. The symbol size is proportional to the sulfate concentration for these data. “Total releases” includes both water and air pollution. To learn when your town was fluoridated, and which fluoridation chemical it uses. <> In Europe, only Ireland (73%), Poland (1%), Serbia (3%), Spain (11%), and the U.K. (11%) fluoridate any of their water. To see the latest news on fluoride developments in Ohio. &w�����R˰�2�̓3�����o0�G��=�F. 8 0 obj Ohio … State and county averages have been calculated using a weighted system based on population served per water system. If levels are below the recommended optimum level of 0.7, as proposed by the US Department of Health and Human Services, contact your dentist or oral health care professional. Ohio has provisions which allow a community to exempt itself from compliance with the State law, if a community decides it does not wish to institute this public health measure. Fluoride in soils ranges from 76 mg fluoride/kg for sandy soils to 2640 mg fluoride/kg for heavy clays (Gisiger, 1968). Population Natural Level of Fluoride (ppm) Ohio Alger Hardin 3300112 990 1.6 Ohio Alen Park Mobile Court Ottawa 6204112 61 2.0 Ohio Antwerp Paulding 6300012 2,000 2.2 Ohio However, most processed food products contain some fluoride, Hennessy said, so that Americans now receive far more fluoride than they know in their diets. Fluoride levels were detected in your water sample but do not exceed the secondary maximum contaminant level (SMCL). Even fluoride levels of 0.7 ppm, the amount of fluoride in drinking water recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service, can result in too much fluoride for bottle-fed babies. �jx��ω���}]�z�Hi�~�b6�+���Zσ�O#��\KNH�"� 2 0 obj endobj There has been a tremendous amount of research done on the association of exposure to fluoride with developmental neurotoxicity. 12 0 obj Recommended fluoride level of 0.7 milligrams per litre was set by the by The U.S Department of Health and Human Services as of April 2015. endobj The Silurian and Devonian carbonate aquifers in western Ohio have the highest ground water fluoride concentrations. endobj The following summarize my reasons. Fluoride. State Water Systems County EPA ID No.