Julian sees the neighborhood as ugly and undesirable, and, in regard to his great-grandfather's mansion, he feels that it is he, not his mother, "who could have appreciated it." … Previous Having thus been made aware of his depravity, Julian will have been placed in a position which may produce repentance and ultimately redemption. She blindly assumes the racial stereotypes that she thinks are appropriate to her perceived place in society, even going so far as to suggest that the old ways of slavery were a preferable state to the current racial realities. . It is only after Julian realizes that his mother may be seriously hurt that his own movement toward convergence takes place. As a native of the Old South, she carries with her attitudes which we now recognize as wrong-headed or prejudicial. Julian lacks all respect for his mother and does not hide his lack of respect. Observing the shocked look on her face as she sees the black woman sit beside him, Julian is convinced that it is caused by her recognition that "she and the woman had, in a sense, swapped sons." From O'Connor's point of view, a society divided about fifty-fifty requires "considerable grace for the two races to live together." Most damaging of all is his feeling that he "had cut himself emotionally free of her. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. Jimmy Doyle in "After the Race" by James Joyce Essay, Man’s Search for Human Autonomy in Death in Venice Essay, Shame Histories as Connector of Different Cultures Essay, The Description of "The Mundane" in Joyce's and Woolf's works Essay, Life of Maria in "Clay" by James Joyce Essay, Life and Death in "Dubliners" by James Joyce Essay, Urban life in Dublin: Duality in "Two Gallants" Essay, Mental Eroticism in "A Painful Case" Essay. This attack comes in the form of him speaking his mind and telling her bluntly, “you aren’t who you think you are.” This insight quite literally destroys her, because it tears down her self-concept entirely by invalidating the constructs it is based on. . Because Julian interprets his mother's comment concerning her feelings for Caroline, her black nurse, as little more than a bigot's shibboleth, he is unable to understand her act of giving a penny to Carver, the small black boy in the story. Certainly, the Apostle Paul makes no such assumptions when he writes of the relationship between slaves and masters in the sixth chapter of Ephesians. In a series of comments prefacing a reading of that story, O'Connor noted that one of the teachers who had attempted to depict the grandmother of the story as evil was surprised to find that his students resisted that evaluation of her. She is described as having "sky-blue" eyes (blue, you may remember, often symbolizes heaven and heavenly love in Christian symbology); Mrs. Chestny's eyes, O'Connor says, were "as innocent and untouched by experience as they must have been when she was ten." “Everything That Rises Must Converge” was the title story of a series of short stories, all sharing a common theme of hope. He sees everything in terms of his own "individuality." Removing #book# For this, "You don't form a committee . When the black woman with the small boy, Carver, chooses to sit beside him rather than beside his mother, Julian is annoyed by her action. Darling, sweetheart, wait!" "Everything That Rises Must Converge" is a collection of short stories by Flannery O’Connor that was first published in 1965. Most simply stated, Teilhard speculated that the evolutionary process was producing a higher and higher level of consciousness and that ultimately that consciousness, now become spiritual, would be complete when it merged with the Divine Consciousness at the Omega point. ", The title of this story and of O'Connor's second collection of stories is taken from the works of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, a priest-paleontologist. "Her teeth had gone unfilled so that his could be straightened," and she even offers to take off her hideous hat when she thinks that it might be the cause of his irritated, "grief-stricken" face. . Home — Essay Samples — Literature — Short Story — Everything That Rises Must Converge: Breaking Down the Inner Conflicts. I don't know how much pure unadulterated Christian charity can be mustered in the South, but I have confidence that the manners of both races will show through in the long run." As we examine these clues, we will find that Mrs. Chestny resembles another of O'Connor's characters, the grandmother from "A Good Man Is Hard to Find." . ", Numerous clues appear to reinforce this view of Mrs. Chestny. Mrs. Chestny and Carver are drawn together because she finds all children "cute," and, we are told, "she thought little Negroes were on the whole cuter than little white children." She is repeatedly described as being childlike: "She might have been a little girl that he had to take to town"; her feet "dangled like a child's and did not quite reach the floor"; and Julian sees her as "a particularly obnoxious child in his charge.". It is he who takes what Teilhard describes as "the dangerous course of seeking fulfillment in isolation." Being written in the middle of the civil rights movement “Everything That Rises Must Converge”, shows the frustration and stress of what played out subsequent to integration. . Having trouble finding the perfect essay? Are you interested in getting a customized paper? She stated that "the South has survived in the past because its manners, however lopsided or inadequate they might have been, provided enough social discipline to hold us together and give us an identity. His unspoken comments on her gaudy hat, a symbol of her deluded concept of self-importance, function in the same manner. That was the whole colored race who will no longer take your condescending pennies." It is Julian who recognizes that the black woman who hits Mrs. Chestny with her purse represents "the whole colored race which will no longer take your condescending pennies." Even though his mother remembers the old days and her grandfather's mansion which she used to visit, she can be content to live in a rather rundown neighborhood. That this action represents another act of convergence in the story is obvious. The violence of this convergence, however, illustrates what can happen when the old "code of manners" governing relationships between whites and blacks has broken down. Thus, when Julian’s mother sees the same hat on a black woman O’ Connor uses the moment as a triggering point for Julian to launch an attack on his mother’s self-concept in order to bring her down a notch by using reality as a reference instead of the constructs of culture and family history. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. Their conflicting viewpoints are designed to highlight a conflict between generations, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, they provide a situation which O'Connor can use to make a comment on what she considers to be the proper basis for all human relationships — not just black/white relationships. Summary Read a plot overview or analysis of the story. Carver's mother attempts to separate the two but is not totally successful as they play peek-a-boo games cross the aisle. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. In a society where man is fragmented from his fellow man, however, such gifts have come to be suspect — temptations to perversion, acts of condescension, or, at the very least, attempts by old busybodies trying to stick their noses where they are not wanted.